Handicrafts (18) Filter:
Applique is one of the oldest and finest crafts of Gujarat. By using different patches of fabric, beautiful forms of floral and animal designs are prepared for quilts, hangings, modern household products and apparels. So by piecing cloth together as in quilts, different patterns are made by applying cloth of different colors. Multicolored covering of jigsaw pieces formed of geometrical shapes creating tensile tensile texture and visual treat, is the impression one gets while seeing an applique or patchwork. Colorful and vivid shapes and forms of fabric patched together or on another surface creat the most affractive and vibrant textile products. The art of decorating a textile product by applying fabric on fabric with the adges sewn down by stitching can be termed as applique while patchwork is the art of sewing little patches of geometric shaped fabric to form a textile pattern. This craft is done in Saurashtra, Banaskantha, Patan and Kutch.
Gujarat is the centre for Bead Craft, also known as Moti Bharat, across India. Bead craft is the art of making household decorative items like chaklas, Indhonis, Mangal kalash & nariyal and torans and jewellert like necklaces, bangles, earring etc. Motifs and patterns are dictated by the technique of putting two or three beads together. This art has originated from Saurashtra region, Rajkot, Bhanagar, Amreli and Junagadh Districts are and it is also practiced in Ahmedabad. Tribal artisans of Panchmahal and Vadodara Districts are also making traditional bead jewellery, ornaments when worked around solid objects such as coconuts and pot-rests it takes a breath taking three dimensional forms. Bead craft is used for making home décor items. It is also popular in the tribals of dahod, vadodra and Panchmahals.
Pithora Paintings mean much more than colorful images hanging on the walls, for the tribes of Rathwas, Bhilals, and Naykas of Gujarat. They signify the advent of an auspicious occasion like, weddings, child birth, festivals, in the family or community, The Pithora paintings with their colours and animated figures, mirror the sentiments of their creators. The essence of a Pithora painting lies in its earthiness; everything from the theme to the execution has the ethnicity of rural India. Even materials used are Quite exotic: the colors are prepared by mixing pigments with milk and liquor prepared from the auspicious Mahuda tree. This craft is practiced Chhota Udaipur taluka of Vadodara District in Gujarat.
AddressChhota Udaipur, Vadodara
The quintessential clay pots to a variety of clay figures and toys like horses, cows, bulls, buffaloes are the items which are very essentially a part of Indian pottery. In Gujarat, tribes in the Dangs make and worship their own clay gods. Since pottery is made out of clay, which is an environment friendly and recyclable material, it is an art that will survive the ravages of time!
Gujarat is known for its embroideries in immense variety of styles and techniques. These embroideries communicate class and uniqueness. Each style is a distinct combination of stitches, patterns and colors and rules for using them was shaped by historical socio-economic and cultural features. Gujarat is world renowned for its enormous variety of embroideries. Most of these were traditionally stitched by rural communities, especially women. Embroideries from Gujarat are Perfect in distribution of colors, which flows from one color to another. The rich embroideries like ‘Ari’ and ‘soof’ from Banaskantha, ‘Kathipa’ , ‘Mahajan’ , Kanbi’ , ‘Rabari’ embroideries from Jamnagar, Bhavnagar, Rajkot, Junagarh regions of Saurashtra and ‘Ahir’ , ‘Mutwa’ , ‘Soof’ , ‘Neran’ , ‘Kharek’ embroideries from Kutch district are famous. In Gujarat, women not only embroider their cholis and ghaghras but also items for decorating their houses such as chaklas, Wall Hangings, Toran, Pillow Covers, Cushion Cover etc.
Gujarat dominated the seaborne cotton trade through ages and is still today a major producer of block prints. The combination of printing with mordant dyeing is typical of the technique in many parts of Gujarat with hand carved woven blocks and prints on fabric. The ‘Ajarakh’ resist printing of Dhamadka and Ajarakhpur in Kutch is well known. The ‘Matani-Pachhedi’ used religious purpose made by the ‘Devi Pujak’ community uses a combination of block printing for the outline of the pattern and the painting of the mordents. Vegetable ‘prints from Dessa, Ahmedabad and Kutch, ‘Batik’ prints from Bhujpur, Mundra and Mandvi villages of Kutch and ‘Saudagiri’ Prints of Ahmedabad are famous. Salwar suits, shirts, kurtas, jackets, skirts, sarees, dupattas, dress-materials, furnishings like bed-covers, pillow covers, table cloth, napkin set, curtains are some of the items made with unique hand block printing.
Indian temples have been centers of art and architecture since ancient times. Each temple according to geographic location has their own art style, motifs, representation of deities and their stories. Clothes of the deities, their adornments and vibrant temple hangings have intensified the ambience of these temples. The main textile art that evolves from the temples are depicted in the temple hangings. These pieces of cloth are embroidered or painted with stories about the relevant God. Although Gujarat is known for its exquisite embroidery, the lesser known art of Kalamkari is equally appealing and unique. Kalamkari refers to a method of painting natural dyes onto cotton or silk fabric with a bamboo pen or kalam. Kalamkari in Gujarat differs from that done in south with its central theme-the Mataji and hence owning its name Mata Ni Pachedi.
Leather craft is infinitesimal in shape, composition, pattern and décor. The traditional pieces are more original, individualistic and colorful and largely embroidered. Fascinating articles are made out of leather like, cushion covers, bags, fans, to name a few.
Gujarat has been the home to metal work from as early as chalcolithic (copper, stone age). Hammering, forging and casring have been the three major methods of metal work in Gujarat. The beautiful metal articles are made in several parts of Gujarat which includes various metal sculptures, statues, metal crafted decorative items, vases, utensils, ornaments, jewellery and metal furniture, etc. They are distinguished by ornate and sophisticated designs, finesse and finishing. Metal work from Gujarat has been famous since ages and has thus maintained its glory worldwide.
Clay craft is ingrained deeply into Gujarat’s ancient tradition and since then has continued to enchant the world. Gujarat is known for its Terracotta, mud mirror work which has both scared as well as aesthetic appeal. The wet clay molded in different shapes and sizes is an, artistic expression of the vision and correlation of the society. Clay craft is also known in Gujrat as Contemprary Mud work in which, attractive wall pieces with small mirrors are made in Kutch and Kheda districts of Gujarat. Traditional clay utensils like pots, Tawadi, Plates, Bowls etc.,with hand paintings are made in Kutch district. Votive Terracotta is famous of the tribals from Chhota Udaipur.
AddressKutch , Kheda
Gujarat is known for its world famous double ikat patola from patan. It is a colourful and ostentatious weave with its figured body, along with the subtle merging of one shade into another. It is generally worn on auspicious and important occasions. The magic of patola textile is created by the art of lying and dyeing both the warp and west silk threads and then weaving them with great skill and precision into priceless fabric forms with clear and crisp patterns. The raw material used for weaving is cultivated silk single ikat patola is also woven in some villages of surendranagar and Rajkot district in which only weft in separately: ie-dyed before weaving to create patterns. The patterns through similar are simpler than the intricate one and are more economical than those of patan.
A puppet, originating from the Latin ‘pupa’ meaning doll, is literally a small scale figure usually with a cloth body and hollow head that fits over and is moved by the hand. Through puppets have remained in India as objects of art, entertainment and culture, puppetry seems to have been swallowed in the whirlwind of time. These puppets are vibrantly coloured and beautifully hand painted.
AddressBhagchandra Rampal Bhat Hanumanpura, opp. Dandichowk Ashram road, juna vadaj, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.